A Look At The Intrinsic Value Of Teck Resources Limited (TSE:TECK.B)

Key Insights

  • The projected fair value for Teck Resources is CA$77.86 based on 2 Stage Free Cash Flow to Equity

  • With CA$72.87 share price, Teck Resources appears to be trading close to its estimated fair value

  • Analyst price target for TECK.B is CA$71.69 which is 7.9% below our fair value estimate

Does the May share price for Teck Resources Limited (TSE:TECK.B) reflect what it's really worth? Today, we will estimate the stock's intrinsic value by projecting its future cash flows and then discounting them to today's value. Our analysis will employ the Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model. Models like these may appear beyond the comprehension of a lay person, but they're fairly easy to follow.

We generally believe that a company's value is the present value of all of the cash it will generate in the future. However, a DCF is just one valuation metric among many, and it is not without flaws. If you still have some burning questions about this type of valuation, take a look at the Simply Wall St analysis model.

View our latest analysis for Teck Resources

The Model

We're using the 2-stage growth model, which simply means we take in account two stages of company's growth. In the initial period the company may have a higher growth rate and the second stage is usually assumed to have a stable growth rate. To start off with, we need to estimate the next ten years of cash flows. Where possible we use analyst estimates, but when these aren't available we extrapolate the previous free cash flow (FCF) from the last estimate or reported value. We assume companies with shrinking free cash flow will slow their rate of shrinkage, and that companies with growing free cash flow will see their growth rate slow, over this period. We do this to reflect that growth tends to slow more in the early years than it does in later years.

A DCF is all about the idea that a dollar in the future is less valuable than a dollar today, so we need to discount the sum of these future cash flows to arrive at a present value estimate:

10-year free cash flow (FCF) forecast

2024

2025

2026

2027

2028

2029

2030

2031

2032

2033

Levered FCF (CA$, Millions)

-CA$51.5m

CA$1.04b

CA$1.57b

CA$2.35b

CA$2.63b

CA$2.84b

CA$3.02b

CA$3.17b

CA$3.30b

CA$3.41b

Growth Rate Estimate Source

Analyst x2

Analyst x3

Analyst x2

Analyst x1

Analyst x1

Est @ 7.96%

Est @ 6.19%

Est @ 4.96%

Est @ 4.10%

Est @ 3.49%

Present Value (CA$, Millions) Discounted @ 8.1%

-CA$47.6

CA$886

CA$1.2k

CA$1.7k

CA$1.8k

CA$1.8k

CA$1.7k

CA$1.7k

CA$1.6k

CA$1.6k

("Est" = FCF growth rate estimated by Simply Wall St)Present Value of 10-year Cash Flow (PVCF) = CA$14b

We now need to calculate the Terminal Value, which accounts for all the future cash flows after this ten year period. For a number of reasons a very conservative growth rate is used that cannot exceed that of a country's GDP growth. In this case we have used the 5-year average of the 10-year government bond yield (2.1%) to estimate future growth. In the same way as with the 10-year 'growth' period, we discount future cash flows to today's value, using a cost of equity of 8.1%.

Terminal Value (TV)= FCF2033 × (1 + g) ÷ (r – g) = CA$3.4b× (1 + 2.1%) ÷ (8.1%– 2.1%) = CA$58b

Present Value of Terminal Value (PVTV)= TV / (1 + r)10= CA$58b÷ ( 1 + 8.1%)10= CA$26b

The total value, or equity value, is then the sum of the present value of the future cash flows, which in this case is CA$40b. The last step is to then divide the equity value by the number of shares outstanding. Compared to the current share price of CA$72.9, the company appears about fair value at a 6.4% discount to where the stock price trades currently. The assumptions in any calculation have a big impact on the valuation, so it is better to view this as a rough estimate, not precise down to the last cent.

dcfThe Assumptions

The calculation above is very dependent on two assumptions. The first is the discount rate and the other is the cash flows. If you don't agree with these result, have a go at the calculation yourself and play with the assumptions. The DCF also does not consider the possible cyclicality of an industry, or a company's future capital requirements, so it does not give a full picture of a company's potential performance. Given that we are looking at Teck Resources as potential shareholders, the cost of equity is used as the discount rate, rather than the cost of capital (or weighted average cost of capital, WACC) which accounts for debt. In this calculation we've used 8.1%, which is based on a levered beta of 1.312. Beta is a measure of a stock's volatility, compared to the market as a whole. We get our beta from the industry average beta of globally comparable companies, with an imposed limit between 0.8 and 2.0, which is a reasonable range for a stable business.

SWOT Analysis for Teck Resources

Strength

  • Debt is not viewed as a risk.

Weakness

  • Earnings declined over the past year.

  • Dividend is low compared to the top 25% of dividend payers in the Metals and Mining market.

Opportunity

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow for the next 3 years.

  • Current share price is below our estimate of fair value.

Threat

  • Annual earnings are forecast to grow slower than the Canadian market.

Moving On:

Whilst important, the DCF calculation is only one of many factors that you need to assess for a company. The DCF model is not a perfect stock valuation tool. Rather it should be seen as a guide to "what assumptions need to be true for this stock to be under/overvalued?" For instance, if the terminal value growth rate is adjusted slightly, it can dramatically alter the overall result. For Teck Resources, we've compiled three essential factors you should further examine:

  • Risks: You should be aware of the 2 warning signs for Teck Resources we've uncovered before considering an investment in the company.

  • Management:Have insiders been ramping up their shares to take advantage of the market's sentiment for TECK.B's future outlook? Check out our management and board analysis with insights on CEO compensation and governance factors.

  • Other Solid Businesses: Low debt, high returns on equity and good past performance are fundamental to a strong business. Why not explore our interactive list of stocks with solid business fundamentals to see if there are other companies you may not have considered!

  • PS. Simply Wall St updates its DCF calculation for every Canadian stock every day, so if you want to find the intrinsic value of any other stock just search here.

    Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at) simplywallst.com.This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

    Matt Earle

    Matthew Earle is the Founder of MiningFeeds. In 2005, Matt founded MiningNerds.com to provide data and information to the mining investment community. This site was merged with Highgrade Review to form MiningFeeds. Matt has a B.Sc. degree with a minor in geology from the University of Toronto.

    By Matt Earle

    Matthew Earle is the Founder of MiningFeeds. In 2005, Matt founded MiningNerds.com to provide data and information to the mining investment community. This site was merged with Highgrade Review to form MiningFeeds. Matt has a B.Sc. degree with a minor in geology from the University of Toronto.

    Comments are closed.